There is much we can learn from the  life of the Apostle Paul. Far from ordinary, Paul was given the opportunity to  do extraordinary things for the kingdom of God. The story of Paul is a story of  redemption in Jesus Christ and a testimony that no one is beyond the saving  grace of the Lord. However, to gain the full measure of the man, we must examine  his dark side and what he symbolized before becoming “the Apostle of Grace.”  Paul’s early life was marked by religious zeal, brutal violence, and the  relentless persecution of the early church. Fortunately, the later years of  Paul’s life show a marked difference as he lived his life for Christ and the  advancement of His kingdom.

Paul was actually born as Saul. He was born  in Tarsus in Cilicia around A.D. 1–5 in a province in the southeastern corner of  modern day Tersous, Turkey. He was of Benjamite lineage and Hebrew ancestry. His  parents were Pharisees—fervent Jewish nationalists who adhered strictly to the  Law of Moses—who sought to protect their children from “contamination” from the  Gentiles. Anything Greek was despised in Saul’s household, yet he could speak  Greek and passable Latin. His household spoke Aramaic, a derivative of Hebrew,  which was the official language of Judea. Saul’s family were Roman citizens but  viewed Jerusalem as a truly sacred and holy city.

At age thirteen Saul  was sent to Palestine to learn from a rabbi named Gamaliel, under whom Saul  mastered Jewish history, the Psalms and the works of the prophets. His education  would continue for five or six years as Saul learned such things as dissecting  Scripture. It was during this time that he developed a question-and-answer style  known in ancient times as “diatribe.” This method of articulation helped rabbis  debate the finer points of Jewish law to either defend or prosecute those who  broke the law. Saul went on to become a lawyer, and all signs pointed to his  becoming a member of the Sanhedrin, the Jewish Supreme Court of 71 men who ruled  over Jewish life and religion. Saul was zealous for his faith, and this faith  did not allow for compromise. It is this zeal that led Saul down the path of  religious extremism.

Because of his extremism Saul might have been  present at the trial of Stephen. He was present for his stoning and death and he  held the garments of those who did the stoning (Acts 7:58). In  Acts 5:27-42, Peter  delivered his defense of the gospel and of Jesus in front of the Sanhedrin,  which Saul heard. Gamaliel was also present and delivered a message to calm the  council and prevent them from stoning Peter. From that moment on, Saul became  even more determined to eradicate Christians as he watched the Sanhedrin flog  Peter and the others. Saul became more ruthless in his pursuit of Christians as  he believed he was doing it in the name of God. Arguably, there is no one more  frightening or more vicious than a religious terrorist, especially when he  believes that he is doing the will of the Lord by killing innocent people. This  is exactly what Saul of Tarsus was: a religious terrorist. Acts 8:3 states, “He began ravaging the church, entering  house after house, and dragging off men and women, he would put them in prison.”

The pivotal passage in Paul’s story is Acts 9:1-22,  which recounts Paul’s meeting with Jesus Christ on the road from Jerusalem to  Damascus, a journey of about 150 miles. Saul was angered by what he had seen and  filled with murderous rage against the Christians. Before departing on his  journey, he had asked the high priest for letters to the synagogues in Damascus,  asking for permission to bring any Christians (followers of “the Way,” as they  were known) back to Jerusalem to imprison them. On the road Saul was caught up  in a bright light from heaven which caused him to fall face down on the ground.  He hears the words, “Saul, Saul, why are you persecuting me?” He says, “Who are  you Lord?” Jesus answers directly and clearly, “I am Jesus, whom you are  persecuting” (vv. 4-5). As an aside, this might not have been Saul’s first  encounter with Jesus, as some scholars suggest that young Saul might have known  of Jesus and that he might have actually witnessed His death.

From this  moment on, Saul’s life was turned upside down. The light of the Lord blinded  him, and as he traveled on he had to rely on his companions. As instructed by  Jesus, Saul continued to Damascus to make contact with a man named Ananias who  was hesitant at first to meet Saul because he knew Saul’s reputation as an evil  man. But the Lord told Ananias that Saul was a “chosen instrument” to carry His  name before the Gentiles, kings and the children of Israel (v.15) and would  suffer for doing so (v.16). Ananias followed the Lord’s instructions and found  Saul, on whom he laid hands, and told him of his vision of Jesus Christ. Through  prayer, Saul received the Holy Spirit (v.17), regained his sight and was  baptized (v.18). Saul immediately went into the synagogues proclaiming Jesus and  saying He is the Son of God (v.20). The people were amazed and skeptical, as  Saul’s reputation was well known. The Jews thought he had come to take away the  Christians (v.21). Saul’s boldness increased as the Jews living in Damascus were  confounded by Saul’s arguments proving that Jesus was the Christ (v.22).

As a result of this miraculous transformation, Saul became known as Paul (Acts 13:9). Paul spent time in  Arabia, Damascus, Jerusalem, Syria and his native Cilicia, and Barnabas enlisted  his help to teach those in the church in Antioch (Acts 11:25).  Interestingly, the Christians driven out of Palestine by Saul of Tarsus founded  this multiracial church (Acts  11:19-21). Paul took his first of three missionary journeys in the late 40s  A.D. Paul wrote many of the New Testament books. Most theologians are in  agreement that he wrote Romans, 1 and 2 Corinthians, Galatians, Philippians, 1  and 2 Thessalonians, Philemon, Ephesians, Colossians, 1 and 2 Timothy and Titus.  These 13 “letters” (books) make up the “Pauline Authorship” and are the primary  source of his theology. As previously noted, the book of Acts gives us a  historical look at Paul’s life and times. The Apostle Paul spent his life  proclaiming the risen Christ Jesus throughout the Roman world, often at great  personal peril (2  Corinthians 11:24-27). It is assumed that Paul died a martyr’s death in the  mid-to-late 60s A.D. in Rome.

So, what can we learn from the life of  the Apostle Paul? First, we learn that God can save anyone. The remarkable story  of Paul repeats itself every day as sinful, broken people all over the world are  transformed by God’s saving grace in Jesus Christ. Some of these people have  done despicable things to other human beings, while some just try to live a  moral life thinking that God will smile upon them on the day of judgment. When  we read the story of Paul and know what he had done, it is difficult for us to  believe that God would allow into heaven religious extremists who murder  innocent women and children. Today, we might see people on death row as unworthy  of redemption because their crimes against humanity are just too great. Yet we  live our lives in a sinful manner, expecting that God will be impressed by the  fact that we haven’t killed anyone. The story of Paul is a story that can be  told today—he isn’t worthy in our eyes of a second chance, yet to God he is  worthy. The truth is that every person matters to God, from the “good, decent,”  average person to the “wicked, evil” degenerate. Only God can save a soul from  hell.

Second, we learn from the life of Paul that anyone can be a  humble, powerful witness for Jesus Christ. Arguably, no other human figure in  the Bible demonstrated more humility while sharing the gospel of Jesus Christ as  Paul. Acts 20:19 tells us that he “served the Lord with all humility and with tears and with  trials that happened to [him] through the plots of the Jews.” In Acts 28:31, Paul shares the good news of Jesus Christ:  “Boldly and without hindrance he preached the kingdom of God and taught about  the Lord Jesus Christ.” Paul was not afraid to tell others what the Lord had  done for him. This verse is the very definition of Paul’s newfound life in  Christ. He would spend the rest of his days working tirelessly for the kingdom  of God.

Finally, we learn that anyone can surrender completely to God.  Paul was fully “sold-out” for God. “I want you to know, brothers, that what has  happened to me has really served to advance the gospel, so that it has become  known throughout the whole imperial guard and to all the rest that my  imprisonment is for Christ. And most of the brothers, having become confident in  the Lord by my imprisonment, are much more bold to speak the word without fear”  (Philippians 1:12-14). Paul was in prison when he wrote  these words, yet he was still praising God and sharing the good news. Through  his hardships and suffering, Paul knew the outcome of a life well lived for  Christ. He had surrendered his life fully, trusting God for everything. “For to  me to live is Christ, and to die is gain” (Philippians  1:21). Can we make the same claim?

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