The phrase “the  queen of heaven” appears in the Bible twice, both times in the book of Jeremiah.  The first incident is in connection with the things the Israelites were doing  that provoked the Lord to anger. Entire families were involved in idolatry. The  children gathered wood, and the men used it to build altars to worship false  gods. The women were engaged in kneading dough and baking cakes of bread for the  “Queen of Heaven” (Jeremiah  7:18). This title referred to Ishtar, an Assyrian and Babylonian goddess  also called Ashtoreth and Astarte by various  other groups. She was thought to be the wife of the false god Baal,  also known as Molech. The motivation of women to  worship Ashtoreth stemmed from her reputation as a fertility goddess, and, as  the bearing of children was greatly desired among women of that era, worship of  this “queen of heaven” was rampant among pagan civilizations. Sadly, it became  popular among the Israelites as well.

The second reference to the queen  of heaven is found in Jeremiah  44:17-25, where Jeremiah is giving the people the word of the Lord which God  has spoken to him. He reminds the people that their disobedience and idolatry  has caused the Lord to be very angry with them and to punish them with calamity.  Jeremiah warns them that greater punishments await them if they do not repent.  They reply that they have no intentions of giving up their worship of idols,  promising to continue pouring out drink offerings to the queen of heaven,  Ashtoreth, and even going so far as to credit her with the peace and prosperity  they once enjoyed because of God’s grace and mercy.

It is unclear where  the idea that Ashtoreth was a “consort” of Jehovah originated, but it’s easy to  see how the blending of paganism that exalts a goddess with the worship of the  true King of heaven, Jehovah, can lead to the combining of God and Ashtoreth.  And since Ashtoreth worship involved sexuality (fertility, procreation, temple  prostitution), the resulting relationship, to the depraved mind, would naturally  be one of a sexual nature. Clearly, the idea of the “queen of heaven” as the  consort or paramour of the King of heaven is idolatrous and unbiblical.

There is no queen of heaven. There has never been a queen of heaven. There is  most certainly a King of Heaven, the Lord of hosts, Jehovah. He alone rules in  heaven. He does not share His rule or His throne or His authority with anyone.  The idea that Mary, the mother of Jesus, is the queen of heaven has no  scriptural basis whatsoever, stemming instead from proclamations of priests and  popes of the Roman Catholic Church. While Mary was certainly a godly young woman  greatly blessed in that she was chosen to bear the Savior of the world, she was  not in any way divine, nor was she sinless, nor is she to be worshipped,  revered, venerated, or prayed to. All  followers of the Lord God refuse worship. Peter and the apostles refused to be  worshipped (Acts  10:25-26; 14:13-14).  The holy angels refuse to be worshipped (Revelation  19:10; 22:9).  The response is always the same, “Worship God!” To offer worship, reverence, or  veneration to anyone but God is nothing short of idolatry. Mary’s own words in  her “Magnificat” (Luke  1:46-55) reveal that she never thought of herself as “immaculate” and  deserving of veneration, but was instead relying on the grace of God for  salvation: “And my spirit rejoices in God my Savior.” Only sinners need a  savior, and Mary recognized that need in herself.

Furthermore, Jesus  Himself issued a mild rebuke to a woman who cried out to Him, “Blessed is the  mother who gave you birth and nursed you” (Luke 11:27),  replying to her, “Blessed rather are those who hear the word of God and obey  it.” By doing so, He curtailed any tendency to elevate Mary as an object of  worship. He could certainly have said, “Yes, blessed be the Queen of Heaven!”  But He did not. He was affirming the same truth that the Bible affirms—there is  no queen of heaven, and the only biblical references to the “queen of heaven”  refer to the goddess of an idolatrous, false religion.