In the book of Joshua, we are introduced to one of the most thought-provoking  and astonishing heroines of the Old Testament. Rahab, the prostitute of the  Canaanite city of Jericho, ultimately is noteworthy for her great faith and for  her place in the lineage of Jesus Christ. But a closer examination of the life  of this remarkable Gentile woman can lead to deeper insights into God’s plan for  His church and His dealing with individual believers in grace and mercy.

Rahab’s story is found in Joshua 2–6. This passage describes the conquest of  the fortified city of Jericho by the Israelites. In its day, Jericho was the  most important Canaanite fortress city in the Jordan Valley. It was a stronghold  directly in the path of the advancing Israelites, who had just crossed the  Jordan River (Joshua  3:1-17). Before entering the land west of the Jordan, Joshua sent two spies  to look over the land. The king of Jericho heard that two Israelite spies were  within his city and ordered them to be brought out to him. Rahab, the woman with  whom the spies were staying, protected them by hiding them on her roof. She told  them how the citizens of Jericho had been fearful of the Israelites ever since  they defeated the Egyptians via the Red Sea miracle (some 40 years prior). She  agreed to help them escape, provided that she and her family were spared in the  upcoming battle. The spies agreed to her request, giving her three conditions to  be met: 1) she must distinguish her house from the others by hanging a scarlet  rope out of the window so the Israelites would know which home to spare; 2) her  family must be inside the house during the battle; and 3) she must not later  turn on the spies.

Safely escaping the city, the two spies returned to  Joshua and reported that the “whole land was melting with fear.” The Israelites  crossed the Jordan into Canaan where they laid siege to the city of Jericho. The  city was completely destroyed, and every man, woman, and child in it was killed.  Only Rahab and her family were spared. Ultimately, Rahab married Salmon, an  Israelite from the tribe of Judah. Her son was Boaz, the husband of Ruth.  Joseph, the legal father of Jesus, is her direct descendant.

Rahab was a  young Canaanite prostitute and as such not a very likely candidate for a heroine of the faith. Jericho was one of the principal seats of idol worship, being  especially devoted to Ashtaroth, the goddess of the moon. Here was centered all  that was the vilest and most degrading in the religion of the Canaanites. Many  Bible commentators, eager to remove the stigma of the designation “harlot” from  one included in the genealogy of Christ (Matthew  1:5), have described Rahab as a hostess or tavern keeper. But scriptural  usage of the Hebrew word zanah (Leviticus  21:7-14; Deuteronomy 23:18; Judges 11:11 Kings  3:16) and the authority of the apostles (Hebrews  11:31; James 2:25),  establish the credibility for use of the word “harlot.”

It is clear that  Rahab was perceptive, intelligent and well informed. Rahab identified the spies  for what they were, hid them, and had a plausible story ready with which to  deceive the king’s agents. Rahab didn’t deny that she had entertained the men.  She says that they left at dusk when it would be difficult for anyone to be sure  of clearly seeing anything. The agents did not dare to risk stopping to search  Rahab’s house because, if they did, the spies might get away. Finally, the  Canaanite prostitute gives the two Israelites excellent advice. She tells them to hide in the hills for three days before attempting to cross the Jordan.

Spiritually, Rahab was not in an ideal circumstance to come to faith in  the one true God, the God of Israel. She was a citizen of a wicked city that was  under God’s condemnation. Rahab was part of a corrupt, depraved, pagan culture.  She had not benefited from the godly leadership of Moses or Joshua. However,  Rahab had one asset—she had heard from the many men she came into contact with  that the Israelites were to be feared. She heard the stories of their escape  from Egypt, the crossing of the Red Sea, the wanderings in the wilderness, and  their recent victory over the Amorites. She learned enough to reach the correct,  saving conclusion: “For the Lord your God is God in heaven above and on the  earth below” (Joshua  2:11). It is this change of heart, this faith—coupled with the actions  prompted by faith—that saved her and her family.

It is often said that  Rahab, while being a true historical person, also serves as a symbolic  foreshadowing or “type” of the church and Gentile believers. She was, in fact,  the first recorded Gentile convert. There are many ways in which Rahab depicts  the church. First, she was part of a pagan world system, a prostitute, who by  her conversion was enabled to become a legitimate bride. In like fashion, Israel  was the first chosen people of God, but they were set aside temporarily so the  Gentiles could be brought into the kingdom of God, and the church is now  considered the bride of Christ (Romans 11; Ephesians  5:25-27). Second, Rahab, because she welcomed the spies, was saved because  of her faith in “God in heaven above and on the earth below” (Hebrews 11:31). Likewise,  Christians are saved through faith in Jesus Christ. “For it is by grace you have  been saved, through faith—and this not from yourselves, it is the gift of God”  (Ephesians  2:8).

Third, although Rahab and Christians are saved by an act of  grace through faith, true faith requires and is exemplified by action (James 2).  Rahab had to put the scarlet cord out of the window. Christians must accept  Jesus Christ as their Savior and Lord and then go on to live in a manner that  verifies that our faith is real. Fourth, Rahab could have indicated the location  of her home in any number of ways. But the only way that she could be spared was  to follow the directions given to her by the Israelite spies. The world tells us  that there are many ways to God and salvation, all equally valid. But the Bible  tells us, concerning Jesus Christ, that “salvation is found in no one else, for  there is no other name under heaven given to men by which we must be saved” (Acts 4:12). Fifth, Rahab’s  faith enabled her to turn away from her culture, her people, and her religion  and to the Lord. Commitment to a true faith in God may necessitate setting  priorities that are contrary to those of the world, as we are exhorted to do in  Romans 12:2.

Finally, once we come to Christ, our pasts no longer matter. The slate is wiped  clean for all who believe and accept the sacrifice of Jesus on the cross on our  behalf. Rahab was no longer viewed as an unclean prostitute, but as one worthy  by grace to be part of the lineage of our Lord Jesus Christ. Just as she was  grafted into the line of Christ, so we become children of God and partakers in  His inheritance (Romans 11). We find in the life of Rahab the inspiring story of  all sinners who have been saved by grace. In her story, we learn of the amazing  grace of God that can save even the worst of sinners and bring them into an  abundant life in Christ Jesus.