The second coming of Jesus Christ is the hope of believers that God is in  control of all things, and is faithful to the promises and prophecies in His  Word. In His first coming, Jesus Christ came to earth as a baby in a manger in  Bethlehem, just as prophesied. Jesus fulfilled many of the prophecies of the  Messiah during His birth, life, ministry, death, and resurrection. However,  there are some prophecies regarding the Messiah that Jesus has not yet  fulfilled. The second coming of Christ will be the return of Christ to fulfill  these remaining prophecies. In His first coming, Jesus was the suffering  Servant. In His second coming, Jesus will be the conquering King. In His first  coming, Jesus arrived in the most humble of circumstances. In His second coming,  Jesus will arrive with the armies of heaven at His side.

The Old  Testament prophets did not make clearly this distinction between the two  comings. This can be seen in Isaiah 7:149:6-7 and Zechariah 14:4. As a  result of the prophecies seeming to speak of two individuals, many Jewish  scholars believed there would be both a suffering Messiah and a conquering  Messiah. What they failed to understand is that there is only one Messiah and He  would fulfill both roles. Jesus fulfilled the role of the suffering servant  (Isaiah chapter 53) in His first coming. Jesus will fulfill the role of Israel’s  deliverer and King in His second coming. Zechariah  12:10 and Revelation  1:7, describing the second coming, look back to Jesus being pierced. Israel,  and the whole world, will mourn for not having accepted the Messiah the first  time He came.

After Jesus ascended into heaven, the angels declared to  the apostles, “‘Men of Galilee,’ they said, ‘why do you stand here looking into  the sky? This same Jesus, who has been taken from you into heaven, will come  back in the same way you have seen him go into heaven’” (Acts 1:11). Zechariah  14:4 identifies the location of the second coming as the Mount of Olives. Matthew 24:30 declares,  “At that time the sign of the Son of Man will appear in the sky, and all the  nations of the earth will mourn. They will see the Son of Man coming on the  clouds of the sky, with power and great glory.” Titus 2:13 describes the second coming as a “glorious appearing.”

The second coming  is spoken of in greatest detail in Revelation 19:11-16, “I saw heaven standing open and  there before me was a white horse, whose rider is called Faithful and True. With  justice he judges and makes war. His eyes are like blazing fire, and on his head  are many crowns. He has a name written on him that no one knows but he himself.  He is dressed in a robe dipped in blood, and his name is the Word of God. The  armies of heaven were following him, riding on white horses and dressed in fine  linen, white and clean. Out of his mouth comes a sharp sword with which to  strike down the nations. ‘He will rule them with an iron scepter.’ He treads the  winepress of the fury of the wrath of God Almighty. On his robe and on his thigh  he has this name written: KING OF KINGS AND LORD OF LORDS.”