Author: This gospel is known as the Gospel of Matthew because  it was written by the apostle of the same name. The style of the book is  exactly what would be expected of a man who was once a tax  collector. Matthew has a keen interest in accounting (18:23-24;  25:14-15). The book is very orderly and concise.  Rather than write in  chronological order, Matthew arranges this Gospel through six  discussions.

As a tax collector, Matthew possessed a skill that makes  his writing all the more exciting for Christians. Tax collectors were  expected to be able to write in a form of shorthand, which essentially meant  that Matthew could record a person’s words as they spoke, word for  word. This ability means that the words of Matthew are not only inspired by  the Holy Spirit, but should represent an actual transcript of some of Christ’s  sermons. For example, the Sermon on the Mount, as recorded in chapters 5-7,  is almost certainly a perfect recording of that great  message.

Date of Writing: As an apostle, Matthew wrote  this book in the early period of the church, probably around A.D. 50. This  was a time when most Christians were Jewish converts, so Matthew’s focus on  Jewish perspective in this gospel is understandable.

Purpose of  Writing: Matthew intends to prove to the Jews that Jesus Christ is the  promised Messiah. More than any other gospel, Matthew quotes the Old  Testament to show how Jesus fulfilled the words of the Jewish prophets.  Matthew  describes in detail the lineage of Jesus from David, and uses many forms of  speech that Jews would have been comfortable with. Matthew’s love and  concern for his people is apparent through his meticulous approach to telling  the gospel story.