Category: Book of Hosea


Undying Love— The Story of Hosea and Gomer

The calendar on the wall indicated that it was about 760 years before Jesus was born. Jeroboam II was on the throne of the northern kingdom of Israel, and his military exploits had extended Israel’s borders farther than they had been since the days of Solomon’s glorious kingdom. Tribute money from subject nations was pouring into the treasury at the capital city of Samaria, and the people of Israel were enjoying a period of unprecedented prosperity.
As is often the case, with prosperity came moral and spiritual degeneration. Secularism and materialism captured the hearts of the people and sin ran rampant. The list reads like twentieth-century America: swearing, lying, killing, stealing, adultery, drunkenness, perversion, perjury, deceit, and oppression, to name but a few. But the thing that grieved the heart of God more than anything else was the sin of idolatry (Hos. 4:12, 13; 13:2). The golden calves set up by Jeroboam I about 150 years earlier had opened the floodgates to every evil expression of Canaanite idolatry, including drunkenness, religious prostitution and human sacrifice.Since the Lord viewed Israel as His wife, He viewed her worship of other gods as spiritual adultery.
The Old Testament speaks frequently of Israel whoring after or playing the harlot with other gods (e.g., Deut. 31:16; Judg. 2:17). Jehovah had told Israel from the beginning that he would not share her with others. “You shall have no other gods before Me” was the first of his ten great commandments (Ex. 20:3). But she had persistently ignored His command, and by the days of Jeroboam II the situation was intolerable. God was about to speak decisively and He chose first a prophet named Amos. The former herdsman of Tekoa thundered God’s warning of imminent judgment, but the nation paid little attention. So God spoke again, this time through the prophet Hosea whose name meant “Jehovah is salvation.”
The very first thing God ever said to Hosea tells us about his unlikely marriage: “Go, take to yourself a wife of harlotry, and have children of harlotry; for the land commits flagrant harlotry, forsaking the Lord” (Hos. 1:2). These instructions have been variously understood by different students of Scripture through the years. Some believe that God was commanding Hosea to marry a woman who had formerly been a prostitute. Others contend that taking a wife of harlotry would merely refer to marrying a woman from the northern kingdom of Israel, a land which was guilty of spiritual adultery. In either case, it is obvious that she was a woman who had been deeply affected by the moral laxity of her society, and God intended to use the prophet’s personal relationship with her as a penetrating object lesson of His own relationship with His unfaithful people, Israel.
Whatever her past, there may have been some evidence of genuine repentance and faith in Jehovah. Maybe she had responded to the Spirit-filled ministry of Hosea himself, and he found his heart drawn to her in deep and unselfish love. God directed him to take her as his wife, and so it was that Gomer, the daughter of Diblaim, became the unlikely wife of the budding young preacher.The early days of their marriage were beautiful as their love began to blossom. And God blessed their union with a son. How Hosea’s heart must have swelled with joy. He was convinced that his marriage would be better than ever with this little one to brighten their home. God named the baby, for his name was to have prophetic significance to the nation. He called him Jezreel, because it was at Jezreel that King Jeroboam’s great grandfather Jehu had first come to the throne by ambitious crimes of bloodshed and violence.
While his dynasty was prospering at the moment, its destruction was on the horizon and it would happen in the valley of Jezreel (Hos. 1:4, 5).It was after the birth of Jezreel that Hosea seems to have noticed a change in Gomer. She became restless and unhappy, like a bird trapped in a cage. He went on preaching, encouraging the wayward nation to turn from its sin and trust God for deliverance from the threat of surrounding nations. “Return unto the Lord!” was the theme of his message, and he preached it repeatedly with power (Hos. 6:1; 14:1). But Gomer seemed less and less interested in his ministry. In fact, she may have grown to resent it. She probably even accused Hosea of thinking more about his preaching than he did of her.
She began to find other interests to occupy herself, and spent more and more time away from home.The dangers are great when a husband and wife have few interests in common. Sometimes he goes his way and she goes hers. They each have their own set of friends, and there is little communication to bring their two worlds together. A husband’s preoccupation with his work may be the major contributing factor to the cleavage. Or it may be a wife’s growing involvement in outside activities and subsequent neglect of the home. It may simply be a disinterest in the things of the Lord on the part of either husband or wife. But it sets the scene for great calamity. Husbands and wives need to do things together and take an interest in each other’s activities. In this inspired story, the responsibility is clearly laid upon Gomer rather than Hosea. She did not share her husband’s love for God.That brings us, secondly, to his unrelieved agony.
Scripture does not give us the details of what happened, but what it does say would permit us some speculation concerning the progressive trend that led to the tragic situation we eventually discover. Gomer’s absences from home probably grew more frequent and prolonged and soon Hosea was feeling pangs of suspicion about her faithfulness to him. He lay awake at night and wrestled with his fears. He preached with a heavy heart during the day. And his suspicions were confirmed when Gomer got pregnant again. It was a girl this time, and Hosea was convinced that the child was not his. At God’s direction, he called her Loruhamah, which means “unpitied” or “unloved,” implying that she would not enjoy her true father’s love. Again the name was symbolic of Israel’s wandering from God’s love and the discipline she would soon experience. But even that spiritual message could not soothe the prophet’s troubled soul.No sooner had little Loruhamah been weaned than Gomer conceived again. It was another boy. God told Hosea to call him Lo-ammi, which meant “not my people,” or “no kin of mine.”
It symbolized Israel’s alienation from Jehovah, but it also exposed Gomer’s sinful escapades. That child born in Hosea’s house was not his. It was all out in the open now. Everyone knew about Gomer’s affairs. While the entire second chapter of Hosea’s prophecy describes Jehovah’s relationship with his unfaithful wife Israel, it is difficult to escape the feeling that it grows out of Hosea’s relationship with Gomer, sandwiched as it is between two chapters that clearly describe that sad and sordid story. He pleaded with her (2:2). He threatened to disinherit her (2:3). But still she ran off with her lovers because they promised to lavish material things on her (2:5). He tried to stop her on occasion (2:6), but she continued to seek her companions in sin (2:7). Hosea would take her back in loving forgiveness and they would try again. But her repentance would be short-lived and soon she would be off again with another new lover.Then the final blow fell. Maybe it was a note, maybe word sent by a friend, but the essence of it seems to have been, “I’m leaving for good this time. I’ve found my true love. I’ll never come back again.” How Hosea must have suffered! He loved her deeply and grieved for her as though she had been taken in death. His heart ached that she should choose a life that would surely bring her to ruin. His friends were probably saying, “Good riddance to her, Hosea.
Now you’ll be through with her adulterous ways once and for all.” But Hosea did not feel that way. He longed for her to come home.We cannot escape the message of his undying love. Hosea wanted to see Gomer restored to his side as his faithful wife. And he believed that God was great enough to do it. One day word came by way of the grapevine gossips that Gomer had been deserted by her lover. She had sold herself into slavery and had hit bottom. This was the last straw. Certainly now Hosea would forget her. But his heart said “No.” He could not give her up. And then God spoke to him: “Go again, love a woman who is loved by her husband, yet an adulteress, even as the Lord loves the sons of Israel, though they turn to other gods” (Hos. 3:1).

Gomer was still beloved of Hosea even though she was an adulteress, and God wanted him to seek her out and prove his love to her. How could anyone love that deeply? The answer was right there in God’s instructions to Hosea, “even as the Lord loves.” Only one who knows the love and forgiveness of God can ever love this perfectly. And one who has experienced His loving forgiveness cannot help but love and forgive others. Christian husbands are commanded to love their wives as Christ loved the Church (Eph. 5:25), and Hosea is an outstanding biblical example of that kind of love.

So he began his search, driven by that indestructible divine love, love that bears all things, believes all things, hopes all things, endures all things, love that never ends. And he found her, ragged, torn, sick, dirty, disheveled, destitute, chained to an auction block in a filthy slave market, a repulsive shadow of the woman she once was. We wonder how anyone could love her now. But Hosea bought her from her slavery for fifteen shekels of silver and thirteen bushels of barley (Hos. 3:2). Then he said to her, “You shall stay with me for many days. You shall not play the harlot, nor shall you have a man; so I will also be toward you” (Hos. 3:3). He actually paid for her, brought her home, and eventually restored her to her position as his wife. While we do not find anything else in Scripture about their relationship with each other, we assume that God used Hosea’s supreme act of forgiving love to melt her heart and change her life.

How many times should a husband or wife forgive? Some contend, “If I keep forgiving I simply affirm him in his pattern of sin.” Or “If I keep forgiving, she’ll think she can get away with anything she wants.” Others say, “If I keep forgiving, it’s like putting my seal of approval on his behavior.” Or “I can’t take another hurt like that. If he does that one more time, I’m leaving.” Those are human responses. Listen to the response of the Lord Jesus. You see, Peter had asked the Lord this same question: “Lord, how often shall my brother sin against me and I forgive him? Up to seven times?” The Lord’s answer was, “I do not say to you, up to seven times, but up to seventy times seven” (Matt. 18:21, 22). That is a great deal of forgiveness. In fact, Christ was simply saying in a captivating way that there is no end to forgiveness.

Sometimes it’s just the little slights and daily agitations that need forgiveness, the occasional sharp word or angry accusation. But we harbor it, let it eat at us, and build up bitterness and resentment which erodes our relationship. Maybe it’s a major offense, like Gomer’s, and we can never forget it. We stew on it and fret over it, and we keep bringing it up in a subconscious attempt to punish our mates for the hurts we have suffered. We try to forgive, but a few days later it’s right there again, preying on our consciousness. Big wounds sometimes take longer to heal. They will come back to our minds. There is no way to avoid it. But every time they do, we must first remind ourselves that we really did forgive, then rehearse how much God has forgiven us, then ask Him to take the destructive, unforgiving thoughts out of our minds.

Forgiveness does not necessarily mean that we must suffer in silence. The need for open and honest communication would demand that we share what we think and how we feel, what the wrong has done to us, and how our mates can help us get over it. God tells us how much our sin grieves Him. Gomer certainly knew how her affairs were tearing at Hosea’s heart. What we say must be said lovingly and kindly, but we have both the need and the obligation to share what is on our hearts.

Neither does forgiveness necessarily mean we cannot take positive steps to guard against the sin recurring. That might require some extended counseling; it might demand an honest reappraisal of our personalities or habit patterns; it might mean a change in our life-style or a relocation. God takes positive steps to help us want to please Him. That is what divine discipline is all about. We do not discipline each other, but we can discuss steps that will help us avoid these same pitfalls in the future.

Forgiveness does mean, however, that we will pay for the other person’s offenses. We will refuse to retaliate in any way to make the guilty person pay. We will absolve him of all guilt. God can use that forgiving love to melt hardened hearts and change callused lives quicker than anything else in this whole wide world. That is the lesson of Hosea and Gomer, the lesson of forgiveness. God’s love and forgiveness pervade Hosea’s entire prophecy. Please do not misunderstand it. God hates sin; it grieves His heart; He cannot condone it; His perfect righteousness and justice demand that He deal with it. But He still loves sinners and diligently seeks them out and offers them His loving forgiveness.

God’s ancient people Israel kept going back to their sins. “What shall I do with you, O Ephraim? What shall I do with you, O Judah? For your loyalty is like a morning cloud, and like the dew which goes away early” (Hos. 6:4). But God never stopped loving them. “When Israel was a youth I loved him, and out of Egypt I called My son” (Hos. 11:1). “I led them with cords of a man, with bonds of love” (Hos. 11:4). “How can I give you up, O Ephraim? How can I surrender you, O Israel?” (Hos. 11:8). And because He never stopped loving them, He never stopped pleading with them: “Return, O Israel, to the Lord your God, for you have stumbled because of your iniquity” (Hos. 14:1).

We need to love like that. We need to forgive like that. We need to drag the festering hurts we have been harboring in our hearts to the cross of Christ—where we laid our own burden of guilt one day and where we found God’s loving forgiveness—and we must leave them all there. When we fully forgive, our minds will be released from the bondage of resentment that has been building a wall between us, and we shall be free to grow in our relationship with each other.

Let’s talk it over

1. What do you think are the major causes for husbands and wives drifting apart?

2. What interests do you both share in common? What else could you do together to strengthen your bond of oneness?

3. Husbands and wives are not always aware of each other’s love. It might be helpful for each of you to finish the following statements: “I feel loved when you …” or “I am saying that I love you when …”

4. Can you think of wrongs you have suffered from your mate that may be keeping you from freely expressing your love? Admit them to your mate and verbalize your full forgiveness.

5. How can you keep the wrongs for which you have forgiven others from creeping back into your mind and destroying your peace?

6. What positive steps can you and your mate take to keep certain sins from repeating themselves in your lives?

In Hosea 1:2 we  read, “The LORD said to Hosea, ‘Go, take to yourself a wife of whoredom and have  children of whoredom.’” Hosea obeyed, marrying a woman named Gomer, who was  unfaithful to him. Why did God tell Hosea to marry a prostitute?

To  begin with, it is important to realize this command could be understood two  different ways. First, and more likely, this command could be one of  anticipation. In other words, God may have instructed Hosea to marry a woman who  would later become unfaithful to him. The other possibility is that the  command was for Hosea to marry someone already known as a prostitute.

In  either case, the reason for this unusual directive is specified in the latter  half of the same verse: “For the land commits great whoredom by forsaking the  LORD.” God wanted to provide an illustration of His relationship with the people  of Israel, who had been unfaithful to Him by practicing idolatry. This theme is  carried through the remainder of the prophecies in chapter 1 and the discussion  of Israel’s unfaithfulness in chapter 2.

In Hosea 3:1,  after Gomer had left Hosea and was living in immorality, the Lord commanded  Hosea to find her and buy her back. God was continuing His illustration, except  now He wanted to show the greatness of His grace: “Even as the LORD loves the  children of Israel, though they turn to other gods.” Hosea’s faithful love of  Gomer was an illustration of God’s faithfulness to wayward Israel. Just as Gomer  had been unfaithful to her husband and had to be redeemed, Israel needed God’s  initiative to restore their relationship.

The prophet Hosea was  commanded to marry an unfaithful wife, and this set up a model of Israel’s  broken relationship with God. Israel had been chosen and loved by God yet had  been unfaithful to Him by way of idolatry. Just as Hosea redeemed his estranged  wife and sought to continue his relationship with her, God promised to redeem  Israel and renew their relationship with Him. The story of Hosea and Gomer is an  unforgettable picture of God’s strong, unending love for His covenant  people.

Author: Hosea 1:1 identifies the author of the book as the Prophet Hosea. It is Hosea’s personal  account of his prophetic messages to the children of God and to the world. Hosea  is the only prophet of Israel who left any written prophecies which were  recorded during the later years of his life.

Date of Writing:  Hosea, the son of Beeri, prophesied for quite some time, from 785 to  725 B.C. The Book of Hosea was likely written between 755 and 725  B.C.

Purpose of Writing: Hosea wrote this book to remind  the Israelites—and us—that ours is a loving God whose loyalty to His covenant  people is unwavering. In spite of Israel’s continual turning to false gods,  God’s steadfast love is portrayed in the long-suffering husband of the  unfaithful wife. Hosea’s message is also one of warning to those who would turn  their backs on God’s love. Through the symbolic presentation of the marriage of  Hosea and Gomer, God’s love for the idolatrous nation of Israel is displayed in  a rich metaphor in the themes of sin, judgment, and forgiving  love.

Key Verses: Hosea 1:2,  “When the LORD began to speak through Hosea, the LORD said to him, ‘Go, take to  yourself an adulterous wife and children of unfaithfulness, because the land is  guilty of the vilest adultery in departing from the LORD.’”

Hosea 2:23, “I will plant her for myself in the land; I  will show my love to the one I called ‘Not my loved one.’ I will say to those  called ‘Not my people,’ ‘You are my people’; and they will say, ‘You are my  God.’”

Hosea 6:6,  “For I desire mercy, not sacrifice, and acknowledgment of God rather than burnt  offerings.”

Hosea  14:2-4, “Take words with you and return to the LORD. Say to him: ‘Forgive  all our sins and receive us graciously, that we may offer the fruit of our lips.  Assyria cannot save us; we will not mount war-horses. We will never again say  “Our gods” to what our own hands have made, for in you the fatherless find  compassion.’ “I will heal their waywardness and love them freely, for my anger  has turned away from them.’”

Brief Summary: The Book of  Hosea can be divided into two parts: (1) Hosea  1:1-3:5 is a description of an adulterous wife and a faithful husband,  symbolic of the unfaithfulness of Israel to God through idolatry, and (2) Hosea 4:1-14:9 contains  the condemnation of Israel, especially Samaria, for the worship of idols and her  eventual restoration.

The first section of the book contains three  distinctive poems illustrating how God’s children returned time after time to  idolatry. God commands Hosea to marry Gomer, but after bearing him three  children, she walks away from Hosea to her lovers. The symbolic emphasis can be  seen clearly in the first chapter as Hosea compares Israel’s actions to turning  from a marriage to life as a prostitute. The second section contains Hosea’s  denunciation of the Israelites but followed by the promises and the mercies of  God.

The Book of Hosea is a prophetic accounting of God’s relentless  love for His children. Since the beginning of time God’s ungrateful and  undeserving creation has been accepting God’s love, grace, and mercy while still  unable to refrain from its wickedness.

The last part of Hosea shows how  God’s love once again restores His children as He forgets their misdeeds when  they turn back to Him with a repentant heart. The prophetic message of Hosea  foretells the coming of Israel’s Messiah 700 years in the future. Hosea is  quoted often in the New Testament.

Foreshadowings: Hosea 2:23 is the wonderful  prophetic message from God to include the Gentiles [non-Jews] as His children as  recorded also in Romans 9:25 and 1 Peter  2:10. Gentiles are not originally “God’s people,” but through His mercy and  grace, He has provided Jesus Christ, and by faith in Him we are grafted into the  tree of His people (Romans  11:11-18). This is an amazing truth about the Church, one that is called a  “mystery” because before Christ, God’s people were considered to be the Jews  alone. When Christ came, the Jews were temporarily blinded until the “full  number of the Gentiles has come in” (Romans  11:25).

Practical Application: The Book of Hosea  assures us of God’s unconditional love for His people. But it is also a picture  of how God is dishonored and angered by the actions of His children. How can a  child who is given an abundance of love, mercy, and grace treat a Father with so  much disrespect? Yet, we have done just that for centuries. As we consider how  the Israelites turned their backs on God, we need to look no further than the  mirror in front of us to see a reflection of those same Israelites.

Only  by remembering how much God has done for each us will we be able to avoid  rejecting the One who can give us eternal life in Glory instead of the Hell we  deserve. It is essential that we learn to respect our Creator. Hosea has shown  us that when we do make a mistake, if we have a sorrowful heart and a promise of  repentance then God will again show His never-ending love to us (1 John 1:9).