Author: Jeremiah chapter 1, verse 1 identifies the Prophet  Jeremiah as the author of the Book of Jeremiah.

Date of Writing:  The Book of Jeremiah was written between 630 and 580  B.C.

Purpose of Writing: The Book of Jeremiah records  the final prophecies to Judah, warning of oncoming destruction if the nation  does not repent. Jeremiah calls out for the nation to turn back to God. At the  same time, Jeremiah recognizes the inevitability of Judah’s destruction due to  its unrepentant idolatry and immorality.

Key Verses: Jeremiah 1:5, “Before I  formed you in the womb I knew you, before you were born I set you apart; I  appointed you as a prophet to the nations.”

Jeremiah  17:9, “The heart is deceitful above all things and beyond cure. Who can  understand it?”

Jeremiah  29:10-11, “This is what the LORD says: ‘When seventy years are completed for  Babylon, I will come to you and fulfill my gracious promise to bring you back to  this place. For I know the plans I have for you,’ declares the LORD, ‘plans to  prosper you and not to harm you, plans to give you hope and a  future.’”

Jeremiah  52:12-13, “On the tenth day of the fifth month, in the nineteenth year of  Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon, Nebuzaradan commander of the imperial guard, who  served the king of Babylon, came to Jerusalem. He set fire to the temple of the  LORD, the royal palace and all the houses of Jerusalem. Every important building  he burned down.”

Brief Summary: The Book of Jeremiah is  primarily a message of judgment on Judah for rampant idolatry (Jeremiah 7:30-34; 16:10-13; 22:9; 32:29; 44:2-3). After the death  of King Josiah, the last righteous king, the nation of Judah had almost  completely abandoned God and His commandments. Jeremiah compares Judah to a  prostitute (Jeremiah  2:20; 3:1-3).  God had promised that He would judge idolatry most severely (Leviticus 26:31-33Deuteronomy 28:49-68), and Jeremiah was warning Judah  that God’s judgment was at hand. God had delivered Judah from destruction on  countless occasions, but His mercy was at its end. Jeremiah records King  Nebuchadnezzar conquering Judah and making it subject to him (Jeremiah 24:1). After  further rebellion, God brought Nebuchadnezzar and the Babylonian armies back to  destroy and desolate Judah and Jerusalem (Jeremiah chapter 52). Even in this  most severe judgment, God promises the restoration of Judah back into the land  God has given them (Jeremiah  29:10).

Foreshadowings: Jeremiah 23:5-6 presents  a prophecy of the coming Messiah, Jesus Christ. The prophet describes Him as a  Branch from the house of David (v. 5; Matthew 1), the King who would reign in  wisdom and righteousness (v. 5, Revelation  11:15). It is Christ who will finally be recognized by Israel as her true  Messiah as He provides salvation for His chosen ones (v. 6; Romans  11:26).

Practical Application: The Prophet Jeremiah  had a most difficult message to deliver. Jeremiah loved Judah, but he loved God  much more. As painful as it was for Jeremiah to deliver a consistent message of  judgment to his own people, Jeremiah was obedient to what God told him to do and  say. Jeremiah hoped and prayed for mercy from God for Judah, but also trusted  that God was good, just, and righteous. We too must obey God, even when it is  difficult, recognize God’s will as more important than our own desires, and  trust that God, in His infinite wisdom and perfect plan, will bring about the  best for His children (Romans  8:28).