Category: Book of 2 Samuel


2 Samuel 11:1-17

A while back we learned that Esau sold his future for a bowl of stew. His blindness to what was truly valuable caused him to lose his inheritance. There are other people who can teach us additional lessons about protecting our future.
David was chosen by God to lead the nation, and for many years, he pursued the Lord’s plan. However, his desire for Bathsheba led him to commit adultery and arrange for her husband to die. Because he chose to gratify his own wishes instead of following God’s ways, he fell into sin. When confronted by the prophet Nathan, David sincerely repented (2 Sam. 12:7, 13), but he and his family were deeply affected by his mistake.
Samson was another one who knew what the Lord required but disobeyed—like David, he gave up blessings for temporal pleasure. Losing sight of God’s purpose for him, Samson chose instead to please his untrustworthy companion, Delilah (Judg. 16:15-17). As a result, he spend his last years in disgrace.
A final example is Judas Iscariot, who wanted Jesus to establish the kingdom of God immediately. Because he valued earthly matters above spiritual ones, he rejected Jesus’ teachings and tried to manipulate events to his own liking. He was convinced he knew what was right.
To avoid the kind of mistakes these men made, we need to be committed to setting aside our own desires in favor of God’s will. In other words, we must value the eternal over the temporal and be satisfied with what the Lord has planned.

Book of 2 Samuel

Author: The Book of 2 Samuel does not identify its author. It  could not be the Prophet Samuel, since he died in 1 Samuel. Possible writers  include Nathan and Gad (see 1  Chronicles 29:29).

Date of Writing: Originally, the  books of 1 and 2 Samuel were one book. The translators of the Septuagint  separated them, and we have retained that separation ever since. The events  of 1 Samuel span approximately 100 years, from c. 1100 B.C. to c. 1000  B.C. The events of 2 Samuel cover another 40 years. The date of  writing, then, would be sometime after 960 B.C.

Purpose of  Writing: 2 Samuel is the record of King David’s reign. This book places  the Davidic Covenant in its historical context.

Key Verses:  “Your house and your kingdom will endure forever before me; your  throne will be established forever” (2 Samuel  7:16).

“But the king covered his face, and the king cried with a  loud voice, O my son Absalom, O Absalom, my son, my son!” (2 Samuel 19:4).

“”The LORD is my rock, my fortress and my deliverer; my God is my rock, in whom  I take refuge, my shield and the horn of my salvation. He is my stronghold, my  refuge and my savior—from violent men you save me. I call to the LORD, who is  worthy of praise, and I am saved from my enemies” (2 Samuel  22:2-4).

Brief Summary: The book of 2 Samuel can be  divided into two main sections—David’s triumphs (chapters 1-10) and David’s  troubles (chapters 11-20). The last part of the book (chapters 21-24) is a  non-chronological appendix which contains further details of David’s  reign.

The book begins with David receiving news of the death of Saul  and his sons. He proclaims a time of mourning. Soon afterward, David is crowned  king over Judah, while Ish-bosheth, one of Saul’s surviving sons, is crowned  king over Israel (chapter 2). A civil war follows, but Ish-bosheth is murdered,  and the Israelites ask David to reign over them as well (chapters 4-5).

David moves the country’s capital from Hebron to Jerusalem and later moves the  Ark of the Covenant (chapters 5-6). David’s plan to build a temple in Jerusalem  is vetoed by God, who then promises David the following things: 1) David would  have a son to rule after him; 2) David’s son would build the temple; 3) the  throne occupied by David’s lineage would be established forever; and 4) God  would never take His mercy from David’s house (2 Samuel  7:4-16).

David leads Israel to victory over many of the enemy  nations which surrounded them. He also shows kindness to the family of Jonathan  by taking in Mephibosheth, Jonathan’s crippled son (chapters 8-10).

Then  David falls. He lusts for a beautiful woman named Bathsheba, commits adultery  with her, and then has her husband murdered (chapter 11). When Nathan the  prophet confronts David with his sin, David confesses, and God graciously  forgives. However, the Lord tells David that trouble would arise from within his  own household.

Trouble does come when David’s firstborn son, Amnon,  rapes his half-sister, Tamar. In retaliation, Tamar’s brother Absalom kills  Amnon. Absalom then flees Jerusalem rather than face his father’s anger. Later,  Absalom leads a revolt against David, and some of David’s former associates join  the rebellion (chapters 15-16). David is forced out of Jerusalem, and Absalom  sets himself up as king for a short time. The usurper is overthrown, however,  and—against David’s wishes—is killed. David mourns his fallen son.

A  general feeling of unrest plagues the remainder of David’s reign. The men of  Israel threaten to split from Judah, and David must suppress another uprising  (chapter 20).

The book’s appendix includes information concerning a  three-year famine in the land (chapter 21), a song of David (chapter 22), a  record of the exploits of David’s bravest warriors (chapter 23), and David’s  sinful census and the ensuing plague (chapter  24).

Foreshadowings: The Lord Jesus Christ is seen  primarily in two parts of 2 Samuel. First, the Davidic Covenant as outlined in  2 Samuel  7:16: “Your house and your kingdom will endure forever before me; your  throne will be established forever” and reiterated in Luke 1:31-33 in the words  of the angel who appeared to Mary to announce Jesus’ birth to her: “He will be  great and will be called the Son of the Most High. The Lord God will give him  the throne of his father David, and he will reign over the house of Jacob  forever; his kingdom will never end.” Christ is the fulfillment of the Davidic  Covenant; He is the Son of God in the line of David who will reign  forever.

Second, Jesus is seen in the song of David at the end of his  life (2 Samuel  22:2-51). He sings of his rock, fortress and deliverer, his refuge and  savior. Jesus is our Rock (1  Corinthians 10:4; 1 Peter  2:7-9), the Deliverer of Israel (Romans  11:25-27), the fortress to whom we “have fled for refuge to lay hold upon  the hope set before us” (Hebrews  6:18 KJV), and our only Savior (Luke 2:11; 2 Timothy  1:10).

Practical Application: Anyone can fall. Even  a man like David, who truly desired to follow God and who was richly blessed by  God, was susceptible to temptation. David’s sin with Bathsheba should be a  warning to all of us to guard our hearts, our eyes and our minds. Pride over our  spiritual maturity and our ability to withstand temptation in our own strength  is the first step to a downfall (1  Corinthians 10:12).

God is gracious to forgive even the most heinous  sins when we truly repent. However, healing the wound caused by sin does not  always erase the scar. Sin has natural consequences, and even after he was  forgiven, David reaped what he had sown. His son from the illicit union with  another man’s wife was taken from him (2 Samuel  12:14-24) and David suffered the misery of a break in his loving  relationship with his heavenly Father (Psalms 32 and 51). How much better to  avoid sin in the first place, rather than having to seek forgiveness later!