2 Timothy  1:1 identifies the author of the Book of 2 Timothy as the apostle  Paul.

Date of Writing: The Book of 2 Timothy was  written in approximately A.D. 67, shortly before the apostle Paul was put to  death.

Purpose of Writing: Imprisoned in Rome yet again,  the apostle Paul felt lonely and abandoned. Paul recognized that his earthly  life was likely coming to an end soon. The Book of 2 Timothy is essentially  Paul’s “last words.” Paul looked past his own circumstances to express concern  for the churches and specifically for Timothy. Paul wanted to use his last words  to encourage Timothy, and all other believers, to persevere in faith (2 Timothy 3:14) and  proclaim the gospel of Jesus Christ (2 Timothy  4:2).

Key Verses: 2 Timothy  1:7, “For God did not give us a spirit of timidity, but a spirit of power,  of love and of self-discipline.”

2 Timothy  3:16-17, “All Scripture is God-breathed and is useful for teaching,  rebuking, correcting and training in righteousness, so that the man of God may  be thoroughly equipped for every good work.”

2 Timothy  4:2, “Preach the Word; be prepared in season and out of season; correct,  rebuke and encourage—with great patience and careful instruction.”

2 Timothy  4:7-8, “I have fought the good fight, I have finished the race, I have kept  the faith. Now there is in store for me the crown of righteousness, which the  Lord, the righteous Judge, will award to me on that day—and not only to me, but  also to all who have longed for his appearing.”

Brief Summary:  Paul encourages Timothy to remain passionate for Christ and to remain  firm in sound doctrine (2 Timothy  1:1-2, 13-14). Paul reminds Timothy to avoid ungodly beliefs and  practices and to flee from anything immoral (2 Timothy  2:14-26). In the end times there will be both intense persecution and  apostasy from the Christian faith (2 Timothy  3:1-17). Paul closes with an intense plea for believers to stand firm in the  faith and to finish the race strong (2 Timothy  4:1-8).

Connections: So concerned was Paul to warn  Timothy and those he pastored of the dangers of false teachers that he invoked  the story of the Egyptian magicians who opposed Moses (Exodus 7:11, 22; 8:7, 18, 19; 9:11). Although their names  are not mentioned in the Old Testament, tradition has it that these men  instigated the building of the golden calf and were killed with the rest of the  idolaters (Exodus 32). Paul predicts the same fate for those who resist the  truth of Christ, their folly eventually being made “clear to everyone” (2 Timothy  3:9).

Practical Application: It is easy to get  side-tracked in the Christian life. We have to keep our eyes on the prize—being  rewarded in heaven by Jesus Christ (2 Timothy  4:8). We must strive to avoid both false doctrine and ungodly practices.  This can only be accomplished by being grounded in our knowledge of God’s Word  and firm in our refusal to accept anything that is unbiblical.