Author: Titus 1:1 identifies the apostle Paul as the author of the Book of  Titus.

Date of Writing: The Epistle to Titus was  written in approximately A.D. 66 Paul’s many journeys are well documented and  show that he wrote to Titus from Nicopolis in Epirus. In some Bibles a  subscription to the epistle may show that Paul wrote from Nicopolis in  Macedonia. However, there is no such place known and subscriptions have no  authority as they are not authentic.

Purpose of Writing: The Epistle to Titus is known as one of the Pastoral Epistles as are the two  letters to Timothy. This epistle was written by the apostle Paul to encourage  his brother in the faith, Titus, whom he had left in Crete to lead the church  which Paul had established on one of his missionary journeys (Titus 1:5). This letter advises Titus regarding what  qualifications to look for in leaders for the church. He also warns Titus of the  reputations of those living on the island of Crete (Titus  1:12).

In addition to instructing Titus in what to look for in a  leader of the church, Paul also encouraged Titus to return to Nicopolis for a  visit. In other words, Paul continued to disciple Titus and others as they grew  in the grace of the Lord (Titus  3:13).

Key Verses: Titus 1:5,  “The reason I left you in Crete was that you might straighten out what was left  unfinished and appoint elders in every town, as I directed you.”

Titus 1:16, “They claim to  know God, but by their actions they deny him. They are detestable, disobedient  and unfit for doing anything good.”

Titus 2:15,  “These, then, are the things you should teach. Encourage and rebuke with all  authority. Do not let anyone despise you.”

Titus 3:3-6,  “At one time we too were foolish, disobedient, deceived and enslaved by all  kinds of passions and pleasures. We lived in malice and envy, being hated and  hating one another. But when the kindness and love of God our Savior appeared,  he saved us, not because of righteous things we had done, but because of his  mercy. He saved us through the washing of rebirth and renewal by the Holy  Spirit, whom he poured out on us generously through Jesus Christ our  Savior.”

Brief Summary: How wonderful it must have been  when Titus received a letter from his mentor, the apostle Paul. Paul was a  much-honored man, and rightly so, after establishing several churches throughout  the eastern world. This famous introduction from the apostle would have been  read by Titus: “To Titus, my true son in our common faith: Grace and peace from  God the Father and Christ Jesus our Savior” (Titus  1:4).

The island of Crete where Titus was left by Paul to lead the  church was inhabited by natives of the island and Jews who did not know the  truth of Jesus Christ (Titus  1:12-14). Paul felt it to be his responsibility to follow through with Titus  to instruct and encourage him in developing leaders within the church at Crete.  As the apostle Paul directed Titus in his search for leaders, Paul also  suggested how Titus would instruct the leaders so that they could grow in their  faith in Christ. His instructions included those for both men and women of all  ages (Titus  2:1-8).

To help Titus continue in his faith in Christ, Paul  suggested Titus come to Nicopolis and bring with him two other members of the  church (Titus  3:12-13).

Connections: Once again, Paul finds it  necessary to instruct the leaders of the church to be on guard against the  Judaizers, those who sought to add works to the gift of grace which produces  salvation. He warns against those who are rebellious deceivers, especially those  who continued to claim circumcision and adherence to the rituals and ceremonies  of the Mosaic Law were still necessary (Titus  1:10-11). This is a recurring theme throughout the epistles of Paul, and in  the book of Titus, he goes so far as to say their mouths must be  stopped.

Practical Application: The apostle Paul  deserves our attention as we look to the Bible for instruction on how to live a  life pleasing to our Lord. We can learn what we should avoid as well as that  which we are to strive to imitate. Paul suggests we seek to be pure as we avoid  the things which will defile our minds and consciences. And then Paul makes a  statement which should never be forgotten: “They claim to know God, but by their  actions they deny him. They are detestable, disobedient and unfit for doing  anything good” (Titus 1:16).  As Christians, we must examine ourselves to be sure our lives line up with our  profession of faith in Christ (2  Corinthians 13:5).

Along with this warning, Paul also tells us how  to avoid denying God: “He saved us through the washing of rebirth and renewal by  the Holy Spirit, whom he poured out on us generously through Jesus Christ our  Savior” (Titus  3:5b-6). By seeking a daily renewal of our minds by the Holy Spirit we can  develop into Christians that honor God by the way we live.

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