Jesus is not God’s Son in the sense of a human father and a son. God did not get  married and have a son. God did not mate with Mary and, together with her,  produce a son. Jesus is God’s Son in the sense that He is God made manifest in  human form (John 1:1, 14). Jesus is God’s Son in  that He was conceived in Mary by the Holy Spirit. Luke 1:35 declares, “The angel answered, ‘The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the  power of the Most High will overshadow you. So the holy one to be born will be  called the Son of God.’”

During His trial before the Jewish leaders, the  High Priest demanded of Jesus, “I charge you under oath by the living God: Tell  us if you are the Christ, the Son of God” (Matthew  26:63). “’Yes, it is as you say,’ Jesus replied. ‘But I say to all of you:  In the future you will see the Son of Man sitting at the right hand of the  Mighty One and coming on the clouds of heaven’” (Matthew  26:64). The Jewish leaders responded by accusing Jesus of blasphemy (Matthew  26:65-66). Later, before Pontius Pilate, “The Jews insisted, ‘We have a law,  and according to that law He must die, because He claimed to be the Son of God’”  (John 19:7). Why would His  claiming to be the Son of God be considered blasphemy and be worthy of a death  sentence? The Jewish leaders understood exactly what Jesus meant by the phrase  “Son of God.” To be the Son of God is to be of the same nature as God. The Son  of God is “of God.” The claim to be of the same nature as God—to in fact be  God—was blasphemy to the Jewish leaders; therefore, they demanded Jesus’ death,  in keeping with Leviticus  24:15. Hebrews 1:3 expresses this very clearly, “The Son is the radiance of God’s glory and the  exact representation of His being.”

Another example can be found in John 17:12 where Judas is  described as the “son of perdition.” John 6:71 tells us that Judas  was the son of Simon. What does John 17:12 mean by describing Judas as the “son of perdition”? The word perdition means “destruction, ruin, waste.” Judas was not the literal son of “ruin,  destruction, and waste,” but those things were the identity of Judas’ life.  Judas was a manifestation of perdition. In this same way, Jesus is the Son of  God. The Son of God is God. Jesus is God made manifest (John 1:1, 14).