Ecclesiology is the study of the church. The word  Ecclesiology comes from two Greek words meaning “assembly” and “word” –  combining to mean “the study of the church.” The church is the assembly of  believers who belong to God. Ecclesiology is crucial to understand God’s purpose  for believers in the world today. Some important issues in Ecclesiology  are:

What is the church? Many  people today understand the church to be a building. This is not the biblical  understanding of the church. The root meaning of “church” is not that of a  building, but of people.

What is the  purpose of the church? According to Scripture, the purposes / activities of  the church should be: (1) teaching Biblical doctrine, (2) providing a place of  fellowship for believers, (3) observing the Lord’s supper, and (4)  praying.

What is the importance of  Christian baptism? According to the Bible, Christian baptism is simply a  step of obedience, a public proclamation of one’s faith in Christ alone for  salvation. While baptism is not required for salvation, it is an act of  obedience and faith—evidence that salvation is a reality in a person’s  life.

What is the importance of the  Lord’s Supper / Christian Communion? A study of the Lord’s Supper is a  soul-stirring experience because of the depth of meaning that it portrays. It is  an “acted out sermon,” remembering our Lord’s death and resurrection, and  looking to the future for His return in glory.

What  does the Bible say about the form of church government? The Bible teaches  that church leadership consists of a plurality of elders along with a group of  deacons who serve as servants of the church. But it is not contrary to this  plurality of elders to have one of these elders serving in the major “pastoral”  role.

Ecclesiology helps us to understand the role of the church and our  role in the church. It teaches us about the ordinances of the church, how church  leadership is to be chosen and structured, and what the church is to be doing in  regards to believers (worship and discipleship) and unbelievers (ministry and  evangelism). A Biblical understanding of Ecclesiology would go a long way to  correct many of the common problems in churches today. Above all, we must  understand that the church is the Body of Christ and that each of us has a  specific function and role within that body.

A key Scripture on  Ecclesiology is Acts 2:42,  “They devoted themselves to the apostles’ teaching and to the fellowship, to the  breaking of bread and to prayer.”