Unlike the question “Does God exist?” very few  people question whether Jesus Christ existed. It is generally accepted that  Jesus was truly a man who walked on the earth in Israel 2000 years ago. The  debate begins when the subject of Jesus’ full identity is discussed. Almost  every major religion teaches that Jesus was a prophet or a good teacher or a  godly man. The problem is that the Bible tells us that Jesus was infinitely more  than a prophet, a good teacher, or a godly man.

C.S. Lewis in his book  Mere Christianity writes the following: “I am trying here to prevent  anyone from saying the really foolish thing that people often say about Him  [Jesus Christ]: ‘I’m ready to accept Jesus as a great moral teacher, but I don’t  accept his claim to be God.’ That is the one thing we must not say. A man who  was merely a man and said the sort of things Jesus said would not be a great  moral teacher. He would either be a lunatic—on a level with a man who says he is  a poached egg—or else he would be the Devil of hell. You must make your choice.  Either this man was, and is, the Son of God, or else a madman or something  worse. You can shut him up for fool, you can spit at him and kill him as a  demon; or you can fall at his feet and call him Lord and God. But let us not  come up with any patronizing nonsense about his being a great human teacher. He  has not left that option open to us. He did not intend to.”

So, who did  Jesus claim to be? Who does the Bible say He is? First, let’s look at Jesus’  words in John 10:30,  “I and the Father are one.” At first glance, this might not seem to be a claim  to be God. However, look at the Jews’ reaction to His statement, “‘We are not  stoning you for any of these,’ replied the Jews, ‘but for blasphemy, because  you, a mere man, claim to be God’” (John 10:33).  The Jews understood Jesus’ statement as a claim to be God. In the following  verses, Jesus never corrects the Jews by saying, “I did not claim to be God.”  That indicates Jesus was truly saying He was God by declaring, “I and the Father  are one” (John 10:30).  John 8:58 is another example:  “‘I tell you the truth,’ Jesus answered, ‘before Abraham was born, I am!’”  Again, in response, the Jews took up stones in an attempt to stone Jesus (John 8:59). Jesus’ announcing  His identity as “I am” is a direct application of the Old Testament name for God  (Exodus 3:14). Why would the  Jews again want to stone Jesus if He had not said something they believed to be  blasphemous, namely, a claim to be God?

John 1:1 says  “the Word was God.” John 1:14 says  “the Word became flesh.” This clearly indicates that Jesus is God in the flesh.  Thomas the disciple declared to Jesus, “My Lord and my God” (John 20:28). Jesus does not correct him. The apostle Paul  describes Him as, “…our great God and Savior, Jesus Christ” (Titus 2:13). The apostle Peter says the same, “…our God  and Savior Jesus Christ” (2 Peter  1:1). God the Father is witness of Jesus’ full identity as well, “But about  the Son he says, ‘Your throne, O God, will last forever and ever, and  righteousness will be the scepter of your kingdom.’” Old Testament prophecies of  Christ announce His deity, “For to us a child is born, to us a son is given, and  the government will be on his shoulders. And he will be called Wonderful  Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace” (Isaiah 9:6).

So, as C.S. Lewis argued, believing  Jesus to be only a good teacher is not an option. Jesus clearly and undeniably  claimed to be God. If He is not God, then He is a liar, and therefore not a  prophet, good teacher, or godly man. In attempts to explain away the words of  Jesus, modern “scholars” claim the “true historical Jesus” did not say many of  the things the Bible attributes to Him. Who are we to argue with God’s Word  concerning what Jesus did or did not say? How can a “scholar” two thousand years  removed from Jesus have better insight into what Jesus did or did not say than  those who lived with, served with, and were taught by Jesus Himself (John 14:26)?

Why is the question over Jesus’ true  identity so important? Why does it matter whether or not Jesus is God? The most  important reason that Jesus has to be God is that if He is not God, His death  would not have been sufficient to pay the penalty for the sins of the whole  world (1 John 2:2).  Only God could pay such an infinite penalty (Romans 5:82  Corinthians 5:21). Jesus had to be God so that He could pay our debt. Jesus  had to be man so He could die. Salvation is available only through faith in  Jesus Christ. Jesus’ deity is why He is the only way of salvation. Jesus’ deity  is why He proclaimed, “I am the way and the truth and the life. No one comes to  the Father except through me” (John  14:6).

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